Half of the world's wetlands were lost last century.
These children and their parents represent a significant group; as adults, they will become an important client group.
Literature in this area is rather limited, with research tending to concentrate more on the impact of ART on physical development and the risk of birth defects.
Subject Research to date has focused on: Problems Studies investigating the impact of reproductive technology on the psychosocial development of the child have conceptual and methodological limitations: Non-participation and non-representative samples are also issues.
Research Context In the initial stages of the development of assisted reproduction, ethical, legal and medical issues were raised. However, in more recent years, concerns have surrounded the psychosocial development of children born after assisted reproduction.
As new reproductive technologies have advanced rapidly, questions regarding the consequences for children conceived with the help of these procedures have lagged far behind.
Key Research Questions Are these children being raised in a different socio-emotional environment than their naturally conceived peers? Does non-traditional family life e. Are children who are denied their genetic and conceptional origins ultimately at risk of problems with their long-term psychological well-being, as has been shown in adopted children?
Recent Research Results Psychological literature suggests that the stress of infertility may lead to dysfunctional patterns of parenting and may result in negative outcomes for the child5 or that IVF parents will be overprotective of their children or have unrealistic expectations of them.
The objective of the paper was to critically review the empirical literature published on this topic since Several common findings appeared across the literature reviewed. No statistically significant differences in child functioning in terms of emotions, behaviour, self-esteem or perceptions of family relationships were reported at that time.
However, Hahn does cite work by Levy-Shiff et al. No significant difference was found in IQ or cognitive performance, but IVF children rated on socioemotional adjustment were reported by their teachers to be more anxious, depressed and aggressive than their peers.
This is the only report to date of poorer emotional adjustment of IVF children. An article by Golombok et al. The few differences in parent-child relationships that were identified appeared to be associated with the experience of infertility rather than the IVF procedure itself.
The IVF children were found to be functioning well and did not differ from the adopted or naturally conceived children on any assessments of social or emotional adjustment. Hahn and DiPierto3 examined the associations between homologous IVF and quality of parenting, family functioning and emotional and behaviour adjustment in three- to seven-year-old children.
A cross-sectional survey conducted in Taiwan compared 54 IVF mother-child pairs and 59 mother-child pairs with children conceived naturally. IVF mothers reported a greater level of protectiveness toward their children than control mothers. Teachers, blind to condition, rated IVF mothers as displaying greater warmth but not more overprotective or intrusive parenting behaviours than mothers of control children.
Teachers scored children of IVF as having fewer behavioural problems than control children. In contrast, IVF mothers reported less satisfaction with aspects of family functioning. Family composition was found to moderate parenting stress: IVF mothers with only one child perceived less parenting stress than did those in the control group.
The pilot study compared 31 IVF families and 31 families with a naturally conceived child when the children were two years old. Twenty-seven IVF and 23 control families participated again when the children were eight to nine years old.
Researchers have suggested that IVF parents have more emotional involvement and warmth towards their child4 and less parenting stress.May 17, · Technology in early child development: Good or bad?
Within the past few years, research has shown that educational technology does improve children’s learning. The technology provides. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. "The Impact of Technology on Civilization." vetconnexx.com work and leisure are all becoming dependent on technology; cyberspace is dangerous and child obesity is increasing.
[tags: Technology] Research Papers words ( pages There is no denying that technology plays a highly significant role in peoples' daily lives. The Impact of Science and Technology on Human Civilization Maybe people can imagine that something can bring news and information into house instead of gathering information outside by themselves in the future.
But nowadays，this dream is come true by making use of science and technology. Technology With the development of science and .
The one process ongoing that will take millions of years to correct is the loss of genetic and species diversity by the destruction of natural habitats.
Technology and Its Impact on Early Childhood Development by Kindergarten Prep Child Care Center | Apr 11, | Preschools In Allen TX In today’s technologically advanced society, children typically spend around several hours each day using digital devices that can impact their early childhood development.