Value imposition is a type of boundary violation that can interfere with your clients' progress in treatment as well as their right to self-determination. In their book, "Issues and Ethics in the Helping Professions," counselors Gerald Corey, Marianne Schneider Corey and Patrick Callanan point out that if you're not careful and aware, your values can present some difficulties and significantly affect your work with clients. What It Means Imposing your values on clients means that you attempt to exert direct influence over their beliefs, feelings, judgments, attitudes and behaviors. This can occur if you're completely unaware of your own attitudes, beliefs and feelings or if you hold strong prejudices against specific groups of people.
Nursing Around the World: The first trend listed relates to diversity and its impact on disease and illness and the subsequent challenge to change education and practice to be congruent and respectful of differing values and beliefs.
In a like manner other authors e.
Outlawfor example, expressively requests "a call for scholarly inquiry on human diversity" p. Implicit or explicit in the works of these authors are the notions of culture and of values.
Both words have many interpretations but each word has a primary association with a discipline. One can identify subsets of words associated with each. For culture, terms that immediately come to mind are ethnocentrism, cultural imposition, cultural importation, and cultural exportation.
See definitions and assumptions For values, terms that immediately come to mind are belief systems and norms. The rubber meets the road when the two terms are joined: Therefore, our purpose in writing this article is threefold: Cultural Values, Ethics, and Ethical Conflicts Cultural values refer to enduring ideals or belief systems to which a person or a society is committed.
The values of nursing in the States are, for example, embedded in the values of the U. American culture with its emphasis on self-reliance and individualism Davis, However, many cultures do not share the primacy of the value of individualism.
In many cultures, health decisions are not made by an individual but by a group: Socialized medicine or government sponsored health care for all residents is reflective of the value placed on collectivism.
Therefore, reflecting on the values that predominate in the culture you practice, attain an education, visit, or read about is a requirement for ethical thoughtfulness.
Ethics has many definitions but, typically, ethics is viewed as a systematic way of examining the moral life to discern right and wrong; it also requires a decision or action based on moral reasoning. Ethical conflicts occur when a person, group or society is uncertain about what to do when faced with competing moral choices Silva, Conflict and Globalization Certainly members of any culture may hold varying degrees of commitment to the predominant values of the culture, but being in opposition to those values sets the stage for conflict.
Even countries where people were once relatively isolated from other cultures or were homogenous e. Through increased communication, travel, and trade, differing perspectives have been imposed upon the cultural beliefs and ethical values of people because they are believed to be right or better ethnocentrism at work.
For example, North Americans and others with Western ethical perspectives who live in their own homelands may, unwittingly, export products abroad like textbooks, curriculums, and used equipment. These products, even though well intentioned, may present a cultural imposition.
In addition, the altered attitudes of international students who return to their homeland after a westernized education in a capitalistic culture are a source of inculcating new but perhaps unsettling ethical perspectives on a country or profession. Globalization, with its outcome of increased cultural diversity, has not only given nurses pause for thought but also has contributed to ethical conflicts.
Davis recognizes how ethical conflicts and issues can arise, especially when nurses acknowledge the profound influence that the values of nurses in the United States have had on other countries worldwide.
The value on individualism, for U. Consistent with this principle is respect for the autonomy of others. Therefore, the lack of respect for the decision-making of culturally diverse people in nursing practice is unethical.
The other principle, justice, which deals with what is due or owed to an individual, group, or society, has numerous definitions. For this discussion, we focus on two conflicting material principles of justice that cause ethical conflict: It is in keeping with a supply and demand situation where some persons will possess or benefit more than other persons.
The second material principle of justice has fairness as its underpinning. It is sensitive to individual differences and to factors over which the person has no control. A problem with this principle is how to honor it when resources are finite or scarce.
While we have only examined ethical conflicts that evolve from the U. However, we leave the reader with two questions to consider that are particularly cogent to a discussion on ethical conflicts: A Theory of Nursing.
In the mids she first observed that nursing practice lacked attention to cultural and humanistic factors. It was from these observations and from further writing and research on the topic that the preceding book was written Leininger, As Donnelly succinctly states, " Lack of communication is more likely to occur when nurses care for international and culturally diverse persons.VALUES IN COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY C.
H. PATTERSON Invited Paper. Counseling and Values, , 33, pp. In Understanding Psychotherapy: COUNSELOR IMPOSITION OF VALUES or develop any system of values or ethics, and to endure the consequences of such choices.
To be truly comprehensive, advisor development programs must address ethics and the role culture and values play in ethical decision-making. Our institutions have become more diverse. This is true in regard to easily recognizable differences, such as race and age, but also in terms of hidden differences, such as culture and disability.
What is the relationship between ethics, values, morals, and attitude? Update Cancel. Answer Wiki. Values are principles whose implementations, one considers to be of high virtue, irrespective of them being either ethical or unethical.
Ethics and Values may differ from person to person, from culture to culture. They maybe blindly accepted. VALUES IN COUNSELING AND PSYCHOTHERAPY C. H. PATTERSON Invited Paper. Counseling and Values, , 33, pp. In Understanding Psychotherapy: COUNSELOR IMPOSITION OF VALUES or develop any system of values or ethics, and to endure the consequences of such choices.
Ethics of imposition of values The American Counselling Association () states, “Counsellors are aware of their own values, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors and how these apply in a diverse society, and avoid imposing their values on clients”.
Article 43 When Unchecked Biases Lead to Imposition of Values: The Case for Counseling Ethics Paper based on a program presented at the Licensed Professional Counselors of Georgia.