Handsome, talented, reckless and flamboyant, he formed a complete contrast to his dull, cautious, stingy father. Unlike Henry VII, he took little interest in administration and for many years after his accession, he left the details of government under the control of his chief adviser, Cardinal Thomas Wolsey.
The History Learning Site, 17 Mar Henry knew that England did not have the ability to take on either state but that as a nation she could profit from extending the hand of friendship to both.
This plan fell apart when it became plain that Henry wanted to divorce Catherine of Aragon. Charles had far too much to think about with the Turks on the southeast of his empire to be able to help his aunt.
However, he made clear his displeasure at the way Catherine had been treated. Francis I of France tried to take advantage of this breakdown between Henry and Charles.
As a result both men met in great splendour at Calais in Octoberwhere Francis greeted Anne Boleyn as if she was queen. Francis planned to help Henry further. Francis was not being altruistic — he simply wanted to create a powerful bloc against the Habsburgs.
Henry ended this try by Francis when he made it plain that he planned to resolve the issue by himself. Henry himself had to play a delicate diplomatic game.
The last thing Henry wanted was to become involved in a war between France and the Habsburgs — yet he did not want to antagonise Francis. The geographic distance between Vienna and England was sufficient to convince Henry that England was safe from Charles V.
However, France was a different matter. When Francis made discreet overtures about marriage between his son and either Mary or Elizabeth, How important were wolseys foreign policies failed to respond. He simply did not want to become embroiled in France politics.
Francis and Charles concentrated on one another after the death of Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, in Both concentrated their efforts on who should succeed him — thus leaving Henry with a degree of freedom with regards to his foreign policy.
He pursued his desired for policy of neutrality. Henry could play this policy while Charles and Francis directed their foreign policies at one another. The one thing that Henry feared was an alliance between the two.
Such an alliance seemed a distinct possibility by To Henry it appeared as if the major Catholic powers of Europe were pooling their power.
On paper, Henry was in a weak position against such united powerful opponents and he tried to break up the Habsburg-Valois entente — he even offered himself for marriage to various French princesses but this came to nothing. In November Henry involved himself in negotiations for marriage to the niece of Charles V — but this too came to nothing.
His position in a Catholic dominated Europe became even weaker when in December a papal order was dispatched supporting the deposing of Henry. This order made Henry fair game to any Catholic.
In response to this threat — a threat Henry took very seriously — Henry did a great deal to develop the navy. InMarillac, the French ambassador in England, wrote of naval ships being based in the mouth of the Thames and 30 in Portsmouth — a considerable increase on the five ships he inherited from Henry VII.
Henry ordered the modernisation of all coastal defences on the south coast — much of the material needed for repairs came from nearby monasteries. One way that Henry countered this threat was to court the Lutheran princes of North Germany. On paper, they would not have been able to counter the military might of a combined French-Habsburg attack but they held a strategic position in Europe that could have inconvenienced the emperor.
In Januarytalks were held with the Schmalkaldic League but they got bogged down in theological arguments and came to nothing.
William was a Catholic in the same mould as Henry and needed an ally of some standing as his position in Europe was threatened by Roman Catholics loyal to the Pope — men such as Francis I and Charles V.
On January 6thHenry married Anne at Greenwich. Francis had allowed Charles to march across his lands in December to facilitate the putting down of a rebellion in Ghent — the co-operation between the two was a clear worry to Henry.
Charles put down the Ghent rebellion but it did not usher in an era of more co-operation between the two, much to the relief of Charles. Any reconciliation was invariably followed by conflict — and this meant that their attention was concentrated on themselves.
The agreement between Charles and Francis was followed in July by war between the two. Henry could only benefit from this. In FebruaryHenry allied with Charles. They agreed on upholding ancient trade agreements and guaranteeing the other against invasion.
They also agreed that there would be a major attack on France within two years.Overall, such policies were no especially successful, given their inability to last. Exactly how successful were Cardinal Wolsey's domestic policies? For the from the until , Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a member of the gentry, was the single most powerful political figure in England.
Henry's aims for foreign policy were unrealistic, England's resources were small compared to the others, and it was naive to think that the crown of France could be regained In short English foreign policy was costly, short sighted and out of date.
Cardinal Thomas Wolsey (c. March – 29 policies and attitude to diplomacy differed significantly from those of his father.
In Henry appointed Wolsey to the post of Almoner, Wolsey is a minor but important character in Robert Bolt's play A Man for All Seasons;. Nov 22, · Free Essays on Wolseys Foreign Policy Foreign Exchange.
treated as an important service industry in modern world. One of most significant task rendered by a bank exposes is, than decades earlier and exchange rate policies were adopted that avoided overvaluation.
Wolsey's Foreign Policy Opportunity King Francis I was a king as ambitious as Henry himself and upon being crowned in , set about making his name known in Europe. After overthrowing Margaret of Scotland's regency government with the duke of Albany; he proceeded to annihilate the Swiss as Marignano and win Milan.
Most important of these magnates were the two Fitzgeralds, the Earls of Kildare and Desmond; also important was Butler, Thomas Wolsey was the son of Ipswich butcher. Like many men of humble origins in this period, he chose the church at the best route to personal advancement.
One of his main domestic policies was self-aggrandizement.