But students all around the world know this abbreviation as a separate academic referencing style. While MLA is the easiest paper format usually met at school level, APA is the most common format applied within the social sciences.
Click a question below to see the answer What is APA style? I must write a paper in APA style including citations and references.
Where do I start? APA style focuses on the needs of presenting psychological information. APA style generally omits the general rules explained in widely available style books and examples of usage that have nothing to do with the behavioral and social sciences.
A great starting point for finding information about the APA style is in the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, which is a large reference book that contains hundreds of guidelines on how to format references, statistics, tables, punctuation, and grammar.
It also contains writing tips and instructions about how to format your papers according to APA.
You can find copies of this publication in the Bellevue University bookstore, Writing Center, and Library. If a periodical includes a volume number, italicize it. Then change to regular type and give the page range without "pp.
If the periodical does not use volume numbers, include "pp. How do I format a bibliography in APA style? APA style calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography or works cited page.
Therefore, all references in the reference list must appear somewhere in the paper and be cited parenthetically. The list of references is double spaced and uses the hanging indent. What is a hanging indent? A hanging indent is how the sources in a reference list are typed.
The first line of the hanging indent is written flush with the left margin, and any additional lines are indented a few spaces usually a tab or about five spaces to the right of the left margin. A practical guide for creating tables.
The above questions come from: Retrieved March 26,from http: Names are also inverted, last to first to middle.
Single spaces separate each element. The list is alphabetized by the last name of the first author. If the author is unknown, the source is alphabetized by the title of the source.
Only the first letter of the first word of the title of books and articles is capitalized, with the exception of proper nouns.
The first word of subtitles after a colon is also capitalized. Everything else is written lowercase. Parenthetical citations within the text of your paper are very important to help your readers find the information that you have used and to guard against plagiarism. APA requires that you cite all quotes, paraphrases, summaries, and any other sources that you use that are not your own wording.
An in-text citation should always be placed in parentheses.Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use.
Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. An interview is not considered recoverable data, so no reference to this is provided in the reference list. You may, however, cite the interview within the text as a . Reporting Statistics in APA Style Dr.
Jeffrey Kahn, Illinois State University The following examples illustrate how to report statistics in the text of a research report. (Informally Published or Self-archived Work, Manual, p. ) Individual web page.
Since web pages and documents are similar to print, references to them include the same elements such as author, date, title, etc. Note that proper names and acronyms are capitalized.
Generate a Bibliography, In-Text Citations or Other Elements in APA Style! APA is known as the American Psychological Association. But students all around the world know this abbreviation as a separate academic referencing style.
Reporting Statistics in APA Style Dr. Jeffrey Kahn, Illinois State University The following examples illustrate how to report statistics in the text of a research report.