Politics and the English Language Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the English language is in a bad way, but it is generally assumed that we cannot by conscious action do anything about it. Our civilization is decadent and our language -- so the argument runs -- must inevitably share in the general collapse. It follows that any struggle against the abuse of language is a sentimental archaism, like preferring candles to electric light or hansom cabs to aeroplanes.
The debate concerning the integration of this view with the principles underlying the European Community remains open. The European treaties have formally permitted movement and European citizens enjoy formal rights to employment in the state sector though not as trainees in reserved branches, e.
Seeing itself as an inclusive nation with universal values, France has always valued and strongly advocated assimilation. However, the success of such assimilation has recently been called into question. There is increasing dissatisfaction with, and within, growing ethno-cultural enclaves communautarisme.
The French riots in some troubled and impoverished suburbs les quartiers sensibles were an example of such tensions. However they should not be interpreted as ethnic conflicts as appeared before in other countries like the USA and the UK but as social conflicts born out of socioeconomic problems endangering proper integration.
History of France French people are the descendants of Gauls and Romans, western European Celtic and Italic peoples, as well as BretonsAquitaniansLiguriansand Germanic people arriving at the beginning of the Frankish Empire such as the Franksthe Visigothsthe Suebithe Saxonsthe Allemanni and the Burgundiansand later Germanic groups such as the Vikings known as Normanswho settled in Normandy and to a lesser extent in Brittany in the 9th century.
CelticaBelgicaCisalpinaNarbonensis and Aquitania. CeltsGaulGaulsand Roman Empire In the pre-Roman era, all of Gaul an area of Western Europe that encompassed all of what is known today as France, Belgium, part of Germany and Switzerland, and Northern Italy was inhabited by a variety of peoples who were known collectively as the Gaulish tribes.
Their ancestors were Celts who came from Central Europe in the 7th century BCE and even before, according to new research and dominated native peoples including the Liguresand Aquitanic people among them, the Basques in Aquitaine.
Some, particularly in the northern and eastern areas, may have had Germanic admixture the Belgae ; many of these peoples had already spoken Celtic Gaulish by the time of the Roman conquest.
Gaul was militarily conquered in 58—51 BCE by the Roman legions under the command of General Julius Caesar except the south-east which had already been conquered about one century earlier.
Over the next six centuries, the two cultures intermingled, creating a hybridized Gallo-Roman culture. In the late Roman era, in addition to colonists from elsewhere in the Empire and Gaulish natives, Gallia also became home to some in-migrating populations of Germanic and Scythian origin, such as Alans.
The Gaulish language is thought to have survived into the 6th century in France, despite considerable Romanization of the local material culture. The Vulgar Latin in the region of Gallia took on a distinctly local character, some of which is attested in graffiti which evolved into the Gallo-Romance dialects which include French and its closest relatives.
The Franks were Germanic pagans who began to settle in northern Gaul as laetialready during the Roman era. They continued to filter across the Rhine River from present-day Netherlands and Germany between the third to the 7th century. At the beginning, they served in the Roman army and reached high commands.
Another Germanic people immigrated massively to Alsace: They were competitors of the Franks; that's why, in Renaissance times, it became the French word for "German": By the early 6th century the Franks, led by the Merovingian king Clovis I and his sons, had consolidated their hold on much of modern-day France, the country to which they gave their name.
The other major Germanic people to arrive in France after the Burgundians and the Visigoths were the Norsemen or Northmenwhich was shortened to Norman in FranceViking raiders from modern Denmark and Norwaywho settled with Anglo-Scandinavians and Anglo-Saxons from the Danelaw definitely in the northern region known today as Normandy in the 9th and 10th century, and which was given in fiefdom of the kingdom of France by king Charles III.
The Vikings eventually intermarried with the local people, converting to Christianity in the process.The goal of Sudoku is to fill in a 9×9 grid with digits so that each column, row, and 3×3 section contain the numbers between 1 to 9. At the beginning of the game, .
Learn french essay phrases with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of french essay phrases flashcards on Quizlet. Diction is the distinctive tone or tenor of an author’s writings.
Diction is not just a writer's choice of words it can include the mood, attitude, dialect and style of writing. Dec 06, · French essay phrases. watch. Announcements. Five things you should do when you go to uni.
Start new discussion Reply 1; 2 3 Here are all the 'saucy French' essay unit 6ish Phrases I can think of off the top of my head or things that just sound intellectual and can maybe fit into an essay about 'la politique' or 'le rechauffement planetaire.
But writing an essay in French is not the same as those typical 5-paragraph essays you’ve probably written in English. In fact, there’s a whole other logic that has to be used to ensure that your essay meets French format standards and structure.
It’s not merely writing your ideas in another language. Welcome to /r/French, the place for learning and teaching French! Join the /r/French Discord Server. We're a community for those learning the French language. You will find conversations on vocabulary, grammar, phrases, idioms, and anything else pertaining to French.