Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Anomie Theory: Emile Durkheim Essay Sample Scientists have been analyzing groups and societies for many years. This examination of social classes and their role in humankind is referred to as sociology.
Increasing number of suicides clearly indicates something wrong somewhere in the social system of the concerned society. Durkheim has studied this problem at some length.
He then proceeds to refute the earlier interpretations of suicide. Finally, he develops a general theory of the phenomenon. It is clear from the definition of Durkheim that suicide is a conscious act and the person concerned is fully aware of its consequences.
The person who shoots himself to death, or drinks severe poison, or jumps down from the 10th storey of a building, for example, is fully aware of the consequences of such an act.
Two Main Purposes behind this Study: Durkheim used a number of statistical records to establish his fundamental idea that suicide is also a social fact and social order and disorder are at the very root of suicide.
As Abraham and Morgan have pointed out, Durkheim made use of statistical analysis for two primary reasons. They are stated below: Durkheim is of the firm belief that suicide is not an individual act or a private and personal action.
The act of suicide is nothing but the manifestation of these currents. Durkheim has selected the instance or event of suicide to demonstrate the function of sociological theory. Durkheim wanted to know why people commit suicide, and he chooses to think that explanations focusing on the psychology of the individual were inadequate.
Experiments on suicide were obviously out of question.
Case studies of the past suicides would be of little use, because they do not provide reliable generalizations, about all suicides. Survey methods were hardly appropriate, because one cannot survey dead people.
But statistics on suicide were readily available, and Durkheim chose to analyze them. Durkheim repudiated most of the accepted theories of suicide.
Social Forces are the Real Causes of Suicide: Suicide is a highly individual act, yet the motives for a suicide can be fully understood only by reference to the social context in which it occurs. In his attempts to substantiate this fact he came to know that the incidence of suicide varied from one social group or set up to another and did so in a consistent manner over the years.
Durkheim isolated one independent variable that lay behind these differences: People with fragile or weaker ties to their community are more likely to take their own lives than people who have stronger ties.
Having dismissed explanations of extra-social factors, Durkheim proceeds to analyse the types of suicide. He takes into account three types of suicide:Durkheim's Theory of Suicide Essay Durkheim's Theory of Suicide The main purpose of this document is to give an explanation to Durkheim’s theory in the light of his sociological analysis of suicide.
Durkheim's Theory of Suicide Essay example Words | 10 Pages.
Durkheim's Theory of Suicide The main purpose of this document is to give an explanation to Durkheim’s theory in the light of his sociological analysis of suicide.
Anomie Theory: Emile Durkheim Essay Sample. Scientists have been analyzing groups and societies for many years. This examination of social classes and their role in humankind is referred to as sociology. Durkheim's Success in Using the Scientific Method Essay. Durkheim's Success in Using the Scientific Method In this essay I will discuss some of the approaches to the study of suicide and its social causes described by Durkheim.
In Le suicide (Suicide), Durkheim sought to explain, through a concise, statistical method, the phenomenon of suicide. He established his theories of altruism, anomie, fatalism, and egoism.
In spite of its limitations, Durkheim’s suicide study has really influenced the control theory proponents (Pope & Danigelis, ). Durkheim came up with four categories of suicide which included Egoist suicide, Fatalistic suicides, Altruist suicide alongside Anomic suicide (Thompson, ).